Iran is home to one of the richest artistic traditions in world history and encompasses many

disciplines, including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. Iranian art has gone through numerous phases. The unique aesthetics of Iran is evident from the Achaemenid reliefs in Persepolis to the mosaic paintings of Bishapur.

The Islamic era brought drastic changes to the styles and practice of the arts, each dynasty with its own particular foci. The Qajarid era was the last stage of classical Persian art, before modernism was imported and suffused into elements of traditionalist schools of aesthetics.